This chapter argues that tsar Alexander’s Holy Alliance of 1815 was far less conservative and far more revolutionary than it was later understood to be.
The Sino-Japanese War by Seo-Hyun Park
Seo-Hyun Park characterizes the clash between China and Japan in the late nineteenth century as part of a series of militarized crises involving multiple stakeholders.
“Balance of Power: Adversarial Pair of Scales or Associational Arch?” by Jaap de Wilde
The 1713 Peace of Utrecht and its Enduring Effects, edited by Alfred H.A. Soons, presents an interdisciplinary collection of contributions marking the occasion of the tercentenary of the Peace of Utrecht.
Neutrality, restoration and restraint: The Congress system at work after 1815 by Maartje Abbenhuis
Maartje Abbenhuis offers the opening chapter to Broers & Caiani's edited volume 1 which addresses the key questions and controversies of Napoleonic history, from a national and international perspective.
Taming the Evil Passions: Moderation in the International Relations by Beatrice de Graaf
Beatrice de Graaf argues that new ideas on a ‘balance of power’ were a very distinctively novel way of not just theorizing, but also putting into practice ideas on collective security after 1815.
Reordering East Asian International Relations after 1860 by Seo-Hyun Park
Park looks into the foreign policy responses shown by Japan and Korea to demonstrate reflected attempts to adjust to changes in both the traditional regional order and the Europe-based but expanding “international society.”
The Congress of Vienna as a Missed Opportunity by Matthijs Lok
Matthijs Lok presents an alternative vision of post-revolutionary conservative Europeanism, not as a local or national reaction to the universalism of Enlightenment and Revolution, but as a ‘counter-revolutionary international’ of ‘conservative cosmopolitanism’
Friedrich von Gentz and His Wallachian Correspondents by Constantin Ardeleanu
Constantin Ardeleanu reveals the complex relationship between the freelance diplomat and his generous clients, in which Gentz acted as an unofficial diplomatic agent, confidant and tutor, thereby engaging in a process of ‘distance social teaching’ in relation to his princely correspondents, who themselves were ‘intelligence brokers’ in Europe’s southeastern periphery.
Security from epidemics: On the tension between future plans, security and statehood in the German Empire by Andrea Wiegeshoff and Malte Thießen
Andrea Wiegeshoff and Malte Thießen on threat perceptions, future management and the internationalization of disease control. Looking at the world as a resource for state-building: negotiations on epidemics, security and the future.
“The Dreams of Empire”: The War of 1812 in an International Context by Alexander Mikaberidze
Examining the European context, Alexander Mikaberidze shows that America’s second conflict with Britain was more complex than many realize or remember.